Although you think of the Arctic as a place where it snows a lot, it actually receives relatively little snow. In fact, in one year, more snow falls on the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Africa, than falls on many parts of the Arctic. Much of the American Arctic receives only 40 inches (100 cm) of fresh snow a year with the greatest amount between 66 1/2 and 75 inches falling on northern Labrador and on the eastern coast of Baffin Island.
These numbers are only approximate numbers, because it is very difficult to measure the snowfall due to strong winds that drive the snow.
But the snow that falls in these areas has the tendency to remain for some time. Some parts of the Arctic have snow all year round, other places are covered with snow for only 7 to 10 months a year.
The culture of many northern people has been influenced by snow - especially people like the Inuit. This is why they have so many different words describing snow - how it falls, how it appears on the ground and its different textures.