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   ANWR Features


Introduction

Oil History

Where is the Oil?

How Much Oil?

Conservation Values

Refuge Resources

Caribou

Polar Bears

Muskoxen

Birds

Vegetation

 


   This Weeks Quick Links


Earth Zone

What is Climate?

Field Research

Expedition Scrapbook

 

FEATURES

 
  • » It is the nation's largest and most northerly National Wildlife Refuge; South Carolina could almost fit inside its borders.
  • » Approximately eight-million acres (out of a total of over nineteen-million acres) are designated as wilderness, more than on any other National Wildlife Refuge.
  • » The majestic Brooks Range rises from its coastal plain only 10-40 miles from the Beaufort Sea.
  • » It includes the four highest peaks and most of the glaciers in the Brooks Range.
  • » There are eighteen major rivers; three designated as wild (Sheenjek, Ivishak, and Wind).
  • » It includes three major physiographic areas (arctic tundra, Brooks Range, and boreal forest), which contain a full range of arctic and subarctic habitats.
  • » Numerous sites have been recommended as national natural landmarks.
  • » It contains the greatest variety of plant and animal life of any conservation area in the circumpolar north.
  • » One-hundred-eighty bird species from four continents have been seen there.
  • » It is home to thirty-six species of land mammals.
  • » It protects most of the calving grounds for the porcupine caribou herd, the second largest herd in Alaska.
  • » It contains all three species of North American bears (black, brown, and polar).
  • » Nine marine mammal species live along its coast.
  • » Thirty-six fish species inhabit its rivers and lakes.
  • » There are no roads, developments, or trails; one must fly, boat, or walk to get there.
  • » The spirit of wilderness prevails there.
  • » It offers outstanding scenery and recreation.
  • » It is as primitive and undisturbed as any conservation area in the nation.
  • » It is home to North America's farthest north dall sheep population.
  • » It is the only national conservation area that provides a complete range of arctic ecosystems.
  • » It has two designated Research Natural Areas.
  • » More than 300 archaeological sites have been found there.
  • » It contains North America's two largest and most northerly alpine lakes (Peters and Schrader).
  • » Kaktovik, an Inupiaq Eskimo village, and Arctic Village, a Gwich'in Indian community, border its north and south sides.
  • » Its coast is a major migration route for several waterfowl species.
  • » Numerous prominent geological formations, including a range of permafrost and glacial features, are found there.
  • » It contains several warm springs, which support plant species unique to the area.
  • » The nation's northernmost breeding population of golden eagles occurs there.
  • » It borders two Canadian national parks.
  • » It is used by two different caribou herds.
  • » Continuous light prevails there from late April to mid-August; the sun stays below the horizon from mid-November to mid-January.
  • » It has no known introduced species.
  • » Permafrost underlies most of it, helping to keep the landscape wet and productive in summer.
  • » Huge fields of overflow ice ("aufeis") form along many of its rivers every winter.
  • » It is open to public use year-round, offering unparalleled opportunities to experience solitude, challenge, and adventure.

Check back! This section will be updated with in-depth resources about the wildlife, permafrost, eco regions, conservation efforts, Mardy Murie, and much more…

Source: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service